In 2011, the global population peaked the 7billion mark and in 2021 it stood at 7.9 billion people. There’s an expectation that it will grow further to around 8.5 billion in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050, and 10.9 billion in 2100, according to the UN.
“Reaching a global population of eight billion is a numerical landmark, but our focus must always be on people. In the world we strive to build, 8 billion people means 8 billion opportunities to live dignified and fulfilled lives,” Mr António Guterres, the UN Secretary-General, said in a statement.
The UN cited a few factors contributing to this increase in population. Some of these are the increasing numbers of people surviving to reproductive age, major changes in fertility rates, increasing urbanization, and accelerating migration.
The UN statement revealed that generations to come will definitely feel the far-reaching effects of such trends. Apparently, in the early 1970s, women on average had 4.5 children each.
However, by 2015, total fertility for the world had fallen to below 2.5 children per woman.
The average global lifespans have risen, from 64.6 years in the early 1990s to 72.6 years in 2019. In Uganda though, the government estimates the lifespan to be at around 63 years.
According to the UN, Uganda’s population is also likely to hit 48.4 million people this year. This will make it the fourth most populated East African country.
The Democratic Republic of Congo will be the most populated at 95.2m, Tanzania (63.3m) and Kenya (56m).
Regardless though, the Uganda National Bureau of Statistics (UBOS), to contradict the UN, said Uganda’s population will stand at 44.2 million people this year.
In another report by the UN a few days ago, it revealed that hunger is affecting a total of 828 million people. This number has witnessed a 46 million increase since 2020, and 150 million since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic.
In Uganda, there have been reports of death caused by hunger in Karamoja and some parts of Lango.
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