Apparently, the first installment of $65m went through on September 9, 2022.
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) directed Uganda on February 9, 2022 to pay $325m. They expected Uganda to pay this as atonement for damages to persons, property and natural resources.
This resulted from Uganda’s military intervention during the wars in the DRC between 1998 and 2003.
The ICJ first ordered Uganda in 2005 to pay $11b in war reparations. However, Uganda led by the former Attorney General, William Byaruhanga appealed against the award. DRC then received a $325m reward.
According to the ICJ, Uganda violated the non-intervention principle by involving in direct and indirect military actions on DR Congo soil.
The payment comes at a time when Uganda and DRC are at good terms with each other. The two countries have joined hands in infrastructural development on the eastern side of DRC. Also, Uganda deployed its troops in 2021 to fight Allied Democratic Forces on a DRC invitation.
DRC also recently became a member state of the East African Community. This made it a regional bloc of seven countries with Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi and South Sudan.
How the country will distribute the money coming from Uganda is not known. But the ICJ asked DRC to find means to determine the equitable distribution of the awarded reparations. One of the ways suggested is developing a ‘victims compensation fund’.
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