In 2014 ministry of Energy and Mineral Development released a report on energy consumption in the country. Apparently, urban centres consume 22.5 million tonnes of charcoal annually.
However, the report warned that biomass energy (from trees) demands may hit 135 million tonnes, up from the current 44 million tonnes, by 2040. Anthony Wolimbwe, The Programme officer at Ecological Christian Organization (ECO) noted that even reserved forest areas are now under attack.
He noted though, that we still have an opportunity to do something about this.
“We still have the opportunity to protect forests and the environment at large. Also, we can even plant more trees than before. We need a new policy so that we are in position to put in place guidelines that can help to protect forest land,” he said.
Godwin Kamugisha from the National Environment Management Authority(NEMA), said the Constitution gives everyone the right to a clean environment.
However we also have a responsibility on us to preserve the environment. He therefore urged Ugandans to work hard to preserve the environment.
“Let’s work together to continue preserving the resource from which we get our livelihood,” he said.
In Uganda, trees account for 90% of energy sources used in homes for cooking, small scale industries such as bakeries.
Due to this, the forest cover in Uganda has depreciated from 10 million in 1962 to 3.6million by 2005.
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