Vincent Otti, the notorious second-in-command of the Lord’s Resistance Movement has apparently been confirmed dead. Judges at the Pre-Trial Chamber II of the International Criminal Court – ICC in The Hague have withdrawn the arrest warrant against the warlord who is now assumed dead.
The Chamber found that the only reasonable conclusion is that Vincent Otti is no longer alive. The Chamber recalled that the Court cannot exercise jurisdiction over a deceased person.
The ICC indicated that further investigative steps are unlikely to result in any additional proof of Otti’s death. The prosecution appended two witness statements and explained that the only eyewitness to Otti’s killing must also be assumed dead.
The death of the Ugandan suspect therefore required the termination of the proceedings against Otti. Furthermore, all relevant documents, including any warrants of arrest, are rendered without effect.
“For these reasons, the Chamber hereby terminates the proceedings against Vincent Otti. Instructs the Registrar to inform all States which were notified by of the Warrant of Arrest that it is no longer in effect. And withdraw the requests for arrest and surrender,” the notice further read.
The prosecution explained that “all available evidence indicates that Otti was killed in a remote area of the Democratic Republic of Congo in October 2007.” On 8 July 2005, the Chamber issued a warrant against Otti. However, on two previous occasions, the prosecution made requests for the case against him to be terminated. This is after providing information pointing towards Otti having been killed on or around 2 October 2007 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
On 1 December 2022, the Chamber rejected a second request. However, mindful of the ongoing efforts of the prosecution to collect further information on the basis of which Otti’s death could be established, the Chamber indicated its willingness to consider a new request based on additional evidence.
Having collected further evidence, the prosecution filed the Third Request on 15 November 2023. It explains that although the Ugandan authorities have informed the prosecution that no death certificate exists, ‘all available evidence indicates that Vincent Otti was killed in a remote area of the DRC in October 2007.
In addition to the information previously submitted before the Chamber, the prosecution appends two witness statements.
It also explains that the only eyewitness to Otti’s killing must also be assumed dead. It indicates that further investigative steps are unlikely to result in any additional proof.
The prosecution convinced the Judges that in the circumstances, terminating the case against him would ‘bring some degree of closure to the victims and communities affected by Otti’s crimes’
Alongside Otti, the ICC also issued a warrant of arrest for Okot Odhiambo, Raska Lukwiya, Dominic Ongwen, and Joseph Kony. This is for two-decade-long gross human rights violations and war crimes against humanity. However, Odhimbo and Lukwiya have been confirmed dead since 2006 and their warrant of arrest consequently dropped.
With Ongwen already in ICC custody following his surrender to the American forces in the Central African Republic (CAR) on 6 January 2015, it is only LRA Chief, Kony who remains at large.
The LRA began as an evolution of ‘the Holy Spirit Movement’ – a rebellion against President Yoweri Museveni in the north of Uganda, led by Alice Lakwena. When Lakwena was exiled, Kony took over, changing the name of the group to the LRA.
According to the United Nations – UN, the LRA was responsible for more than 100,000 deaths. The abduction of between 60,000 to 100,000 children. And the displacement of 2.5 million civilians between 1987 and 2012.
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