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African Countries Among Top 10 To Be Worst Hit By Climate Change

African Countries Among Top 10 To Be Worst Hit By Climate Change

Five African countries have been named to be among the 10 nations to be worst hit by climate change. These include; Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Malawi, South Sudan, and Niger. This will be through disruptions to productivity in key economic sectors.

These sectors will include agriculture, roads, dams, and other infrastructure according to the new Global Climate Index 2021 released by Germanwatch.

These impacts from extreme weather events such as cyclones and flooding have exerted extra-economic pressures on local economies. However, this comes as already strained governments and development partners have to quickly provision for emergency funding requirements to rebuild destroyed infrastructure and respond to the immediate needs of affected citizens.

Zimbabwe alone needed as much as $1.1 billion to support infrastructure rebuilding and support livelihoods after Cyclone Idai in 2019. This means infrastructure development elsewhere is crippled.

While humanitarian organizations have to re-direct longer-term development funds to emergency response for food insecurity.

Mozambique has also emerged as the most vulnerable to climate change in Africa, with the World Bank emphasizing that “limited fiscal space and social vulnerabilities in Mozambique are exacerbated by climate and disaster shocks impacting growth and development” on a regular basis.

The average annual losses from floods induced by cyclones in Mozambique stands at $440 million, according to the World Bank.

Country Fatalities GDP loss Loss monetary millions
Mozambique 700 13 $4.9 billion
Zimbabwe 347 4 $1.8 billion
Malawi 95 2 $452 million
South Sudan 185 1 $85 million
Niger 18 1

In the first month of 2021, Mozambique and Zimbabwe have suffered two extreme weather phenomena. They include Cyclone Chalane and Cyclone Eloise respectively. So dire has been the impact of the 2021 cyclone activity for Mozambique that UNICEF this week estimated over 176,000 people in central Mozambique will need humanitarian assistance in the aftermath of Eloise.

What Global Climate Index data reveals

The Global Climate index ranks Mozambique as the country most affected by climate change after it took a 12.6% GDP knock on its economy in 2019 and suffered $4.9 billion losses in monetary terms from the impacts of climate change that resulted in the deaths of 700 Mozambicans.

African countries to be hit worst by Climate Change

In neighboring Zimbabwe, authorities recorded about 347 more deaths. Which ranks in second place on the global index after suffering a 4.2% GDP loss. And as much as $1.8 billion in real monetary value in the wake of Cyclone Idai’s trail of destruction. Mozambique also features as the only African country. Mozambique ranks fifth in the top 10 of nations most affected by climate change in the 2000 to 2019 period.

Malawi ranked in fifth place on the top 10 rankings of global countries most affected by climate change for 2019. It lost $452 million owing to the effects of Cyclone Idai in 2019 while the heavy downpours and accompanying strong winds also wiped out 2.2% of its GDP.

Two other African countries, South Sudan and Niger are ranking in eighth and ninth place. They each suffered 0.7% GDP losses from severe flooding during the year under review, and this contributed to the two countries’ monetary losses of $85 million and $219 million respectively.

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